Turkey tightens restrictions on Russian aircraft

Some of Turkey’s largest airport ground handler firms stopped providing services to western-made aircraft owned by Russian airlines earlier this month, multiple sources told Middle East Eye. 

The sources, who are within the aviation industry and are familiar with the issue, said Havas, Turkey’s largest ground service provider, as well as Turkish Ground Services (TGS), stopped serving the US-made Boeing and European Airbus aircraft used by Russian companies.

Havas sent a letter in January to warn Russian firms that it may need to take action in accordance with the US-sanctions imposed against Moscow over its invasion of Ukraine. 

TAV Airports, which operates 90 airports in 29 countries and owns Havas, provides aircraft services at Istanbul, Ankara and Antalya airports, among others. Havas also owns 50 percent of TGS’s shares. 

The sources expect some major Turkish companies to also stop providing refuelling services to Russian airliners. 

US officials warned Turkish authorities and the private sector in January that Turkish citizens were at risk of prison time, fines and loss of export privileges if they provide services like refuelling and spare parts to US-made planes flying to Turkey from Russia and Belarus.

According to US sanctions, the provision of maintenance services for Russia- or Belarus-bound aircraft assembled with more than 25 percent of US-origin technology is prohibited.

‘Havas and others stopped serving, but there are other smaller companies that still provide services to them’
– Aviation industry source

The list includes 170 aircraft belonging to Russian airlines, including Aeroflot, Rossii, S7, Utair Airlines, Red Wings, Nordwind, and Yamal, as well as Belarusian airline Belavia. 

Turkish news site AirportHaber reported that around 44 planes had been denied refuelling and maintenance service as of 14 March, including 15 belonging to Aeroflot.

Aeroflot, however, stated that they were flying to Turkish cities “in the normal mode, on schedule, within the declared flight programme”. 

MEE’s sources said that there was no blanket ban on Russian planes, as each ground service and maintenance company decides on which aircraft to serve.

“The type of the aircraft and whether there are humanitarian grounds to claim exemptions play a role in making a decision,” an industry source said. “Havas and others stopped serving, but there are other smaller companies that still provide services to them.” 

Russian newspaper Kommersant reported last week that only two planes had been refused refuelling, which eventually returned to Russia. The newspaper reported that two S7 aircraft returned safely from Antalya and Istanbul on 16 March.

On the same day, according to Flightradar24, a Pegas Fly Boeing-777 Icarus had to be redirected from Istanbul for refuelling in Sochi, after which the plane continued its flight to Moscow.

Also on 14 March, two Aeroflot aircraft flew to Istanbul from St Petersburg and Yekaterinburg and returned without making intermediate stops for refuelling. 

Russian media previously said that Sochi could be a refuelling option for Russian aircraft if they cannot get the service in Turkish airports. 

MEE’s sources said they expect that Fugo, one of the smaller Turkish ground service companies, may start to serve sanctioned Russian aircraft.

MEE sent repeated inquiries to the Fugo officials on the matter but received no response by the time of publication. Fugo already provides services to five Russian airliners like Aeroflot at Antalya airport, according to open source data