U.S. President Joe Biden told G7 leaders that Washington will support providing advanced warplanes including F-16s to Ukraine and will back efforts to train Kyiv’s pilots, a senior White House official said Friday.
The U.S. move signals a major breakthrough for Kyiv, which has repeatedly — and until recently unsuccessfully — pushed its Western supporters to agree to provide high-tech jets as it fights to fend off Russia’s invasion.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy — who is set to meet Biden during the G7 summit in Japan — hailed the move as a “historic decision,” adding that he looked forward to “discussing the practical implementation” of the plan in Hiroshima.
Biden said the United States “will support a joint effort with our allies and partners to train Ukrainian pilots on fourth-generation fighter aircraft, including F-16s, to further strengthen and improve the capabilities of the Ukrainian Air Force,” according to the official.
“As the training takes place over the coming months, our coalition of countries participating in this effort will decide when to actually provide jets, how many we will provide, and who will provide them.”
The UK, Belgium, and the Netherlands welcomed the decision.
“The UK will work together with the USA and the Netherlands, Belgium and Denmark to get Ukraine the combat air capability it needs,” Prime Minister Rishi Sunak tweeted, adding: “We stand united.”
Denmark’s acting defense minister Troels Lund Poulsen said it “will now be able to move forward for a collective contribution to train Ukrainian pilots to fly F-16s.”
Momentum has been building for providing high-tech warplanes to Ukraine, but U.S. support is key, as it legally has to approve the re-export of equipment purchased by allies, including F-16 jets.
Earlier this week, Sunak and Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte pledged to build an “international coalition” to provide fighter jet support for Ukraine.
After visiting Sunak at his Chequers country estate outside London on Monday, Zelenskyy said he was “very positive” about creating a “jets coalition.”
Sunak said Monday that the UK was preparing to open a flight school to train Ukrainian pilots, and French President Emmanuel Macron also offered to do so but ruled out sending warplanes to Kyiv.
Previously, U.S. opposition to providing advanced jets centered around the long timeline and high price, with officials saying there were more cost-effective means to boost Kyiv’s air defenses.
Last month, top U.S. military officer General Mark Milley argued that ground-based defenses were a better option.
“The task is to control the airspace,” he told journalists in Germany. “The fastest way to do that for Ukraine is through air defense.”
But F-16s appear likely to join the list of other advanced systems such as Western tanks and long-range weaponry that Ukraine’s supporters have agreed to provide after initial reluctance.
Mark Cancian, a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said ahead of the White House official’s comment that F-16s are “very expensive and aren’t going to radically change the balance of power.”
But he also noted that they have “psychological significance” due to Zelenskyy’s repeated requests.
The United States has spearheaded the push for international support for Ukraine, quickly forging a coalition to back Kyiv after Russia invaded in February 2022 and coordinating aid from dozens of countries.
Total international military assistance for Kyiv is in the tens of billions of dollars, with the United States the lead donor.
In addition to hundreds of tanks and other armored vehicles, assistance for Kyiv has included air defense systems, precision rocket launchers, artillery pieces, and a wide variety of ammunition.
The United States has also trained 11 Ukrainian battalions — some 6,100 troops — in combined arms operations and 4,000 on individual systems.
More than two dozen other countries are also involved in the training effort, which has instructed more than 52,000 Ukrainian troops so far.